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Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
b     t̪ʰ                 ɡ  
 
 
 
 
ʔ
 
Nasal
  m           n                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
              r            
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
                                               
Fricative
ɸ β             ʃ ʒ             χ ʁ ħ       h  
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
    ɬ                      
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
                          j                    
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
      l                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Ejective stops
                           
Ejective affricates
        t̪s̪ʼ       tʃʼ                  
Sibilant fricatives
                               
Affricates
                tʃʰ                
Sibilant affricates
        t̪s̪ʰ d̪z̪                        
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Bats
UPSID number: 2604
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: Caucasian, Caucasian
The languages has 45 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: Bats is spoken in the Akhmetsk region of northern Georgia, USSR. Nasalized vowels only occur in a few inflectional endings but contrast with vowel + nasal. Desheriev (1953) also notes 3 long vowels but at least some examples are clearly just juxtapositions of two separate vowels. Similarly the diphthongs he reports seem to be a sequence of two adjacent vowels. Especially restricted are the "nasalized diphthongs" which all end in nasalized 'i' and occur only in inflectional endings.
Sources: Desheriev, J.D. 1953. Batsbijskij Jazyk. Izdatel'stvo Akademii Nauk SSSR, Moscow.