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Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
p ⁿp           *t *tʰ *ⁿt               k ⁿk   q  
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nasal
  m           *n           ɲ   ŋ    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
                           
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
                                               
Fricative
    f v       *z         ɕ ʑ x               h  
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
                              w                
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
      *l                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Sibilant fricatives
            *s                      
Affricates
                        cɕʰ ⁿcɕ          
Sibilant affricates
            *ts *tsʰ *ⁿts                      
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Gelao
UPSID number: 2436
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: Austro-Tai, Lati-Gelao
The languages has 43 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: Gelao is spoken in Anshun Zhuangu and Bijie Zhuanqu, Gwizhou China. There are 6 tones, transcribed 55, 44 or 43, 33, 24, 13 and 31 on the Chinese 5-point scale. Initial consonants in low toned syllables (31, 13) have breathy voicing. Voiceless aspirates only occur with non-low tones.
Sources: He Jiashan. 1983. Gelaoyu jianzhi. (Brief guide to Gelao language). Minzu Chubanshe. He Jiashan. 1981. Gelaoyu Gaikuang (A Brief Description of the Gelao Language). Minzu Yuwen, 1981.4, 67-76.