Select languages to compare:

Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
p           *t             k      
 
 
 
 
ʔ
 
Nasal
  m           *n                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
                           
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
                                               
Fricative
                                               
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
                          j   w                
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Affricates
                                 
Sibilant affricates
            *ts                      
R-sounds
              *R                    
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Panare
UPSID number: 6849
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: S. American, Macro-Carib
The languages has 25 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: Panare is spoken in Bolivar state, Venezuela. Cauty's description of this language is problematical in several respects. Phonetic syllable-final fricatives are treated as allophones of glottal stop since they alternate with ? but it is not clear whether ? is the product of neutralization or if the fricative quality can be predicted from other environmental features. Nasalized vowels vary with syllables with a final nasal.
Sources: Cauty, A. 1974. Los sistemas fonologicos y silabicos de la lengua Panare. Revista Colombiana de Antropologia 17: 251-254. Cauty, A. 1974. Un criterio de decision sobre la presencia de la oclusiva glotal en el idioma Panare. Revista Colombiana de Antropologia 17: 255-258. Cauty, A. 1978. An approach to the phonological and syllabic systems of the Panare language. Summer Institute in Linguistics, Amerindia Series 3: 85-103.