Select languages to compare:

Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
p b                     k      
 
 
 
 
ʔ
 
Nasal
                                   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
                         
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
                                               
Fricative
ɸ                                           h  
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
                                               
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Affricates
                               
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Andoke
UPSID number: 6851
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: S. American, Macro-Carib
The languages has 26 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: Andoke is spoken in the upper Amazon basin in Colombia. Landaburu analyses it as a tone language with two level tones. Nasalized vowels occur word-initially, but elsewhere only after nasal consonants. Consequently nasals can be analyzed as allohpones of voiced stops. The sounds represented as palato-alveolar affricates here apparently vary considerably from (palatal) plosives, to (postalveolar) affricates, to [s] and [j] for voiceless and voiced cases respectively. Syllables may be closed by a glottal stop - Landaburu treats this as a feature of the vowels.
Sources: Landaburu, J. 1979. La Langue des Andoke (Amazonie colombienne) Grammaire. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique.