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Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
b         *tʰ *d             kʷʰ ɡ ɡʷ qʷʰ qʷˁʰ qˁʰ ɢ ɢʷ ɢʷˁ ɢˁ
 
 
 
 
ʔ ʔˁ
 
Nasal
  m           *n                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
              *r            
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
                                               
Fricative
              *z ʃ           x ɣ χ χʷ χʷˁ χˁ ʁ ʁʷ ʁʷˁ ʁˁ ħ       h  
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
  β̞                       j                    
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
      *l                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Ejective stops
          *tʼ               kʷʼ   qʷʼ qʷˁʼ qˁʼ  
Ejective affricates
            *tsʷʼ *tsʼ   tʃʷʼ tʃʼ                  
Sibilant fricatives
            *s *sʷ                      
Affricates
                tʃʰ dʒʷ                
Sibilant affricates
            *tsʰ *tsʷʰ *dz                    
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Rutul
UPSID number: 2603
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: Caucasian, Northwest
The languages has 64 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: Rutul is spoken in the Upper Samur river basin in the Dagestan ASSR and in adjoining areas of Azerbaijan, USSR. Ibragimov (1978) argues for pharyngealization as a feature of uvular and laryngeal consonants, rather than positing a set of pharyngealized vowels (cf. Dzhejranishvili 1967) which would be contrastive only in the context of uvulars. However his "pharyngealized laryngeals" have been interpreted as primary pharyngeal consonants. Labialized sibilant fricatives and affricates are rare but seem authentic. The missing cases (eg. dzw) may well be gaps in the data rather than absent from the language.
Sources: Dzhejranishvili, E.F. 1967. Rutul'skij Jazyk. In V.V. Vinogradov et al. (eds.), Jazyki Narodov SSSR 4: Iberijsko-Kavkazskie Jazyki: 580-590. Akademija Nauk, Moscow. Ibragimov, G. Kh. 1978. Rutul'skij Jazyk. Nauka, Moscow.