Select languages to compare:

Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
p b         t d             k ɡ    
 
 
 
 
ʔ
 
Nasal
                                   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
              r            
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
              ɾ                                
Fricative
            s                               h  
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
  β̞                       j                    
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Affricates
                                 
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Epena pedee
UPSID number: 6811
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: S. American, Paezan
The languages has 31 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: Saija is spoken in Colombia with a main group of speakers along the Saija river in the Choco department on the Pacific coast. Stops /b,d/, the alveolar flap /r[/and palatal glide /j/ have nasal consonant allophones before nasalized vowels; stops, affricates and /s/ have prenasalized allophones following a nasalized vowel. Vowels occur both long and short and most sequences of unlike vowels also occur.
Sources: Harms, P.L. 1984. Fonologia del Epena Pedee (Saija). Sistemos Fonologicos de Idiomas Colombianos 5: 157-201. Harms, P.L. 1985. Epena Pedee (Saija): Nasalization. From Phonology to Discourse (Ruth M. Brend, ed.) (Language Data -- Amerindian Series, no. 9.) Summer Institute in Linguistics: 13-18.