Select languages to compare:

Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
            *tʰ *d             ɡ ɡʷ ɢ
 
 
 
 
ʔ
 
Nasal
  m           *n                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
                           
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
                                               
Fricative
                ʃ           x   χ           h  
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                         
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
                          j   w                
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
      *l                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Ejective stops
            *tʼ                  
Ejective affricates
            *tsʼ *tɬʼ   tʃʼ                  
Sibilant fricatives
            *s                      
Affricates
                tʃʰ                
Lateral affricates
        *tɬʰ *dɬ                        
Sibilant affricates
            *tsʰ *dz                    
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Eyak
UPSID number: 6109
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: Na-Dene, Eyak
The languages has 45 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: Krauss (1965) reported that there were "3 persons capable of serving adequately as informants for Eyak". Apart from loanwords /m,n/ "could be interpreted as w and l respectively, followed by a nasalized vowel". Short oral vowels are often in free variation, the non-high vowel variation being obscurely described. Krauss includes 'aspiration' and 'glottalization' of vowels as modifications similar to length and nasalization. Since there are consonants /h,?/, and verb stems in -V:? ("long glottalized nucleus") seem to count as closed, these are interpreted as postvocalic -h and -?.
Sources: Krauss, M.E. 1965. Eyak: a preliminary report. Canadian Journal of Linguistics/RCL 10:2,3: 167-187.