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Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
p           t               k   q  
 
 
 
 
ʔ
 
Nasal
  m           n                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
                           
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
                                               
Fricative
            s   ʃ             χ χʷ           h  
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                         
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
                          j   w                
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
      *l                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Ejective stops
                        kʷʼ   qʷʼ  
Ejective affricates
            *tɬʼ tsʼ   tʃʼ                  
Affricates
            ts                    
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Upper chehalis
UPSID number: 6773
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: N. American, Almosan
The languages has 34 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: Upper Chehalis was formerly spoken in an area of South-western Washington state, U.S.A. Vowel length is phonemic. There may be a series of contrastively laryngealized nasals and approximants, but Kinkade's (1963) subject was not consistent in using them.
Sources: Kinkade, M.D. 1963. Phonology and morphology of Upper Chehalis: I. International Journal of American Linguistics XXIX/3: 181-195.