Select languages to compare:

Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
p b         *t *d             k ɡ ɡʷ    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nasal
  m           *n                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
                           
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
                                             
Fricative
                                               
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
                          j   w                
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
      *l                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Sibilant fricatives
            *s                      
Affricates
                                 
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Cuna
UPSID number: 6857
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: South American, Chibchan
The languages has 21 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: Cuna is spoken on San Blas Island, Panama, and on the Caribbean coast astride the Panama/Colombia border. All vowels may occur long. The voiceless stops and the affricate are, from a morphological point of view, geminates. Other consonants, except /w/, actually occur geminated. Syllable canon is (C)V(C), i.e. no more than two adjacent medial consonants can occur.
Sources: Sherzer, J. 1983. Kuna Ways of Speaking: An Ethnographic Perspective. University of Texas Press, Austin.