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Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
p b         *t *d             k      
 
 
 
 
ʔ
 
Nasal
  m           *n               ŋ    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
                           
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
                                               
Fricative
                ʃ                           h  
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
                          j   w                
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Ejective stops
            *tʼ                    
Ejective affricates
            *tsʼ   tʃʼ                  
Sibilant fricatives
            *s                      
Affricates
                                 
Sibilant affricates
            *ts                      
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Caddo
UPSID number: 6775
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: N. American, Keresiouan
The languages has 23 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: Caddo is spoken by a small number of older people in Western Oklahoma, USA. Vowels occur both short and long and consonants may be geminated. Chafe (1976) analyses Caddo as having a pitch accent system; vowels may be high or low pitched, and additionally long vowels can occur with a falling contour.
Sources: Chafe, W.L. 1976. The Caddoan, Iroquoian, and Siouan Languages. Mouton, The Hague, Paris.