Select languages to compare:

Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
p ⁿb         *t *ⁿd             k ⁿɡ    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nasal
  m                                
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
                           
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
                                               
Fricative
  β                                            
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
                                               
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
      *ɺ̪            
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Affricates
                               
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Ache
UPSID number: 6866
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: South American, Equatorial
The languages has 21 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: Ache is spoken by a very small group of surviving speakers in the Alta Pou reservation, Alto Parana, Paraguay. Susnik's description is quite unorthodox and leaves somewhat unclear exactly what consonants and vowels are contrastive. In particular nasalized vowels seem often predictable if prenasalized stops and /m/ are assumed to be underlying. However, the analysis adopted here assumes that they are contrastive because a few are cited in words with voiceless stops. On the other hand [n] is taken to be an allophone of the lateral flap.
Sources: Susnik, B. 1974. Estudios Guayaki: Sistema fonetico y tematico. Museo Etnografico "Andres Barbero", Asuncion, Paraguay.