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Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
  b         t               k      
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nasal
  m           n                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
                           
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
                                               
Fricative
            s                               h  
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
  β̞                       j                    
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
      ɺ            
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Warao
UPSID number: 6852
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: S. American, Paezan
The languages has 21 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: Warao is spoken principally along the Venezuelan coast from the Orinoco delta to the Guyana border. Osborn (1966) lists /p/ rather /b/ as the bilabial stop phoneme, but reports that "the voiced allopyhone [b] is heard more frequently than the voiceless [p]". /t/ "has the allophone [t] in all positions". The alveolar lateral flap occurs as [d] word-initially and as a nonlateral flap before /a/ when preceded by /i,a/. Nasalized vowels occur mostly . Nasality spreads from a nasal consonant to all following vowels and glides between the nasal and a following obstruent or word-boundary but a number of words also have unconditioned nasalized vowels.
Sources: Osborn, H.A. 1966. Warao I: phonology and morphophonemics. International Journal of American Linguistics 32/2: 108-123.