Select languages to compare:

Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
p b     t̪ʰ                 k ɡ    
 
 
 
 
ʔ
 
Nasal
  m                              
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
                           
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
                                               
Fricative
            s z                             h  
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
                          j                    
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
                         
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Ejective stops
                             
Ejective affricates
            tsʼ                      
Affricates
            ts                      
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Kiowa
UPSID number: 6785
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: North American, Kiowa-Tanoan
The languages has 42 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: Kiowa is spoken by a few hundred speakers in south-central Oklahoma. Long and short variants of vowels occur, with many alternations predictable from syllable structure (Long in open, short in closed syllables). Kiowa has high and low tones and a HL combination that occurs only on heavy syllables (containing a long vowel, a diphthong or a vowel + sonorant sequence). HL is accompanied by significant glottalization. /dl/ does not occur initially; medially it is [l]. Dental and alveolar obstruents do not occur before /i/; velars and /j/ do not occur before /e/. A palatal glide is clearly heard between a velar and front /a/.
Sources: Sivertsen, E. 1956. Pitch problems in Kiowa. International Journal of American Linguistics 22: 117-130. Watkins, L.J. 1984. A Grammar of Kiowa. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln and London. Harrington, J.P. 1928. Vocabulary of the Kiowa Language. Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology, bulletin 84.