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Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
p pʲʰ ⁿb ⁿbʲ         *t *tʰ *tʲ *tʲʰ *ⁿd *ⁿdʲ             k kʷʰ   q  
 
 
 
 
ʔ
 
Nasal
  m           *n           ɲ   ŋ    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
                           
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
                                               
Fricative
    f v                 ɕ ʑ x ɣ             h  
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
    *ɬʲ                      
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
                        ʍ                
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
      *l *lʲ                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Sibilant fricatives
            *s *sʲ                      
Affricates
                        cɕʰ          
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Lai
UPSID number: 2432
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: Austro-Tai, Li-Kam-Tai
The languages has 52 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: The dialect reported here is spoken in Lunglin County Guangxi Province, China and described by Liang (1984 a,b). Ouyang and Zheng (1985) describe the variety of Lai spoken in southern Yunnan. It is sometimes unclear if the differences in reported consonant and vowel systems reflect different interpretations or real differences between the dialects. Liang's "?j, ?v, hj, hv" have been interpreted as laryngealized and voiceless approximants but these could indicate secondary features accompanying glottal stop and h. Liang's palatalized forms contrast before front vowels. All vowels can be long or short including in cases where there is an [i] or [u] offglide. These glides are interpreted as final allophones of initial (laryngealized) /j, w/, and the vowels are interpreted as geminate when long, i.e. [o:u] = /oow/, [a:i} = /aaj/. However [a] in closed syllables appears in three lengths, hence is assumed to have underlying length contrast. The three lengths are therefore single /a/ long /a:/and geminate /aa/, Liang reports 6 tones - 3 levels, high falling, low falling, low rising.
Sources: Liang, Min. 1984a. Laiyu gaikuang (A Brief Description of the Lai Language). Minzu Yuwen 1984/4:64-79. Liang, Min. 1984b. Laihua yuanyinde duanchang (Long and Short Vowels in the Lai Dialect). Yuyan Yanjiu 1984/2: 57-62. Ouyang, Jueya and Zheng, Yiqing, eds. 1980. Liyu Jianzhi (A Brief Guide to the Li Language). National Institute of Minorities, Beijing. Ouyang, Jueya and Zheng, Yiqing. 1963. Laiyu Gaikuang (A Brief Description of Lai). Zhongkuo Yuwen 1963/5:432-433.