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Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
p         t     ʈ       k      
 
 
 
 
ʔ
 
Nasal
  m         n     ɳ       ŋ    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
              r            
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
                      ɽ                        
Fricative
                                               
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
                      ɻ   j   w                
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
      l       ɭ            
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
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Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Yolngu
UPSID number: 8375
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: Australian, Pama-Nyungan
The languages has 23 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: Djapu dialect. Yolngu is spoken in north-east Arnhem Land, Northern Territory, Australia. Stops have both voiced and voiceless allophones but intervocalically they are voiceless in the tape recording prepared by Rose and Morphy, hence are interpreted as voiceless. Glottal stops in final position are partially predictable but contrasts occur. Alveolar consonants rarely occur word-initially (and then mostly in loanwords); dental consonants do not occur word-finally. Vowels in word-initial syllables have contrastive length; single following consonants after contrastively short vowels tend to be long.
Sources: Morphy, F. 1983. Djapu, a Yolngu dialect. In R.M.W. Dixon and B.J. Blake (eds.), Handbook of Australian Languages, Vol. 3. John Benjamins, Amsterdam. Rose, P., Morphy, F. 1982. Yolngu Sounds (tape and listening exercise). Australian National University, Canberra.