Select languages to compare:

Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
p b         t d         c ɟ k ɡ    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nasal
  m           n           ɲ   ŋ    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
                           
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
              ɾ                                
Fricative
            s z ʃ                           h  
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
                          j   w                
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
      l                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Implosives
  ɓ           ɗ               ɠ    
Ejective stops
                                 
Affricates
            ts                      
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Hamer
UPSID number: 4365
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Omotic
The languages has 35 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: Plain and pharyngealized (possibly [-ATR]) vowels form vowel harmony sets. Plain vowels dominate in assimilation. Hamer is possibly tonal.
Sources: Lydall, J. 1976. Hamer. In M.L. Bender (ed.), The Non-Semitic Languages of Ethiopia. African Studies Center, Michigan State University, East Lansing: 393-438.