Select languages to compare:

Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
b         d             ɡ    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nasal
  m           n           ɲ ɲʷ        
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
              r            
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
                                               
Fricative
    f       s           çʷ                   h  
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
                          j ɥ                    
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Affricates
                        cçʷ ɟʝ ɟʝʷ        
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Akan
UPSID number: 4115
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: Niger-Kordofanian, Kwa
The languages has 35 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: Labialized palatals appear as labialized velars before back vowels. Velar stops and palatal affricates are largely complementary in distribution but show contrast before /a/.
Sources: Dolphyne, F.A. 1988. The Akan (Twi-Fante) Language: Its Sound Systems and Tonal Structure. Ghana Universities Press, Accra. Ladefoged, P. 1964. A Phonetic Study of West African Languages. Cambridge University Press. Schachter, P. and Fromkin, V.A. 1968. A Phonology of Akan: Akuapem, Asante, Fante (UCLA Working Papers in Phonetics 9). Phonetics Laboratory, University of California, Los Angeles. Stewart, J.M. 1967. Tongue root position in Akan vowel harmony. Phonetica 16: 185-204. Welmers, W.E. 1946. A Descriptive Grammar of Fanti (Language Dissertation 39). Linguistic Society of America, Philadelphia.