Select languages to compare:

Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
  b         *t *tˁ *d *dˁ             k ɡ    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nasal
  m           *n                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
              *r *rˁ            
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
                                               
Fricative
    f         *z ʃ ʒ         x ɣ     ħ ʕ     h  
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
                          j   w                
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
      *l *lˁ                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Sibilant fricatives
            *s *sˁ *zˁ                    
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Shilha
UPSID number: 4356
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber
The languages has 31 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: The pharyngealized dental/alveolar consonants are described as "domal". Applegate posits an element /:/ which adds "tension" to a preceding consonant and shortens the preceding vowel. Other analyses would treat this as gemination. All consonants except perhaps /9,w,j/ seem to occur geminate.
Sources: Applegate, J.R. 1958. An Outline of the Structure of Shilha. American Council of Learned Societies, New York.