Select languages to compare:

Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
p b         *t *d             k ɡ    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nasal
  m           *n               ŋ    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
              *r            
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
                                               
Fricative
    f                                       h  
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
      ʋ                   j                    
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
      *l                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Sibilant fricatives
            *s                      
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Woisika
UPSID number: 8633
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: Papuan, Trans-New Guinea
The languages has 28 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: Woisika is spoken in the center of the island of Alor, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Indonesia. Because Stokhof (1979) places 'w' on his chart of symbols in the labiodental column it is assumed the sound is labiodental. The vowels are described by Stokhof as divided into "tense" and "lax" sets. The "tense" vowels are usually lower, more peripheral and longer than the "lax" vowels and also are lower in pitch. "Lax" vowels, except for /a/, are more common than their nearest "tense" counterparts. The features available in UPSID require some compromises in vowel representation. Retracted front high and fronted back high vowels are represented here as central, although Stokhof marks them as halfway between center and periphery. Similarly, a retracted central low unrounded vowel is shown as back here. Palatograms included in the book show clearly dental articulation for /t, d, n/ etc. but Stokhof indicates variation to alveolar place.
Sources: Stokhof, W.A.L. 1979. Woisika II: Phonemics. (Pacific Linguistics, Series B, No. 59). Australian National University, Canberra.