Select languages to compare:

Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
p b     t̪ʰ d̪̤         ʈ ʈʰ ɖ ɖ̤     k ɡ ɡʱ    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nasal
  m                         ŋ    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
                           
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
              ɾ                                
Fricative
            s                               h  
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
                                               
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
      l                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Affricates
            ts tsʰ dz ts̤                    
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Nepali
UPSID number: 2023
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: Indo-European, Indic
The languages has 39 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: Nearly all sequences of the six oral vowels are reported; syllabification of such sequences seems to be variable. Nasalized nonlow vowels are less clearly contrastive than the low one -- some words show variation between final nasalized vowel and final nasal consonant.
Sources: Bandhu, C.M., Dahal, B.M., Holzhausen, A., Hale, A. 1971. Nepali Segmental Phonology. Summer Institute of Linguistics, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur.