Select languages to compare:

Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
p b         t d             k k͡p ɡ ɡʷ ɡ͡b    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nasal
  m           n               ŋ    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
                           
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
              ɾ                                
Fricative
    f v     s z               ɣ                
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
                          j                    
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
      l                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Implosives
  ɓ                                
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Kpelle
UPSID number: 4103
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: Niger-Kordofanian, Mande
The languages has 34 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: Voiced plosives and fricatives can be morphophonemically derived (in initial position following a low-toned nasal, which deletes). Kpelle has three surface level tones.
Sources: Hyman, L.M. 1973. Notes on the history of Southwestern Mande. Studies in African Linguistics 4: 183-96. Welmers, W.E. 1962. The phonology of Kpelle. Journal of African Languages 1: 69-93. Welmers, W.E. 1973. African Language Structures. University of California Press, Berkeley.