Select languages to compare:

Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
  b         *t *d             k ɡ    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nasal
  m           *n               ŋ    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
              *r            
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
                                               
Fricative
    f           ʃ                           h  
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
                          j   w                
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
      *l                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Sibilant fricatives
            *s                      
Affricates
                                 
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Nera
UPSID number: 4212
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: Nilo-Saharan, E. Sudanic
The languages has 22 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: All vowels also occur long, and gemination of consonants is distinctive. "At least two significant tones occur" (Thompson). Voiced prenasalized stops occur and velars also occur labialized. Thompson treats these as sequences but does not provide a reasoning. Bender (1968) notes that these are among a longer list of word-medial clusters.
Sources: Bender, M.L. 1968. Analysis of a Barya word list. Anthropological Linguistics 10.9:1-24. Thompson, E.D. 1976. Nera. In M.L. Bender (ed.), The Non-Semitic Languages of Ethiopia. African Studies Center, Michigan State University, East Lansing: 484-94.