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Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
p b ⁿb         t d ⁿd             k ɡ ⁿɡ    
 
 
 
 
ʔ
 
Nasal
  m           n               ŋ    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
                           
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
              ɾ                                
Fricative
    f v     s z                             h ɦ
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
    ɬ ɮ                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
                          j   w                
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
      l                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Affricates
            ts dz ⁿdz                    
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Lame
UPSID number: 4376
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic
The languages has 38 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: Lame is spoken in Benoue Department of Cameroon along the Chad border. Non-high vowels have a rounded schwa variant in initial syllables of some disyllables and reduplicated forms. Vowels are nasalized before velar nasal and the nasal is dropped in some forms. Sachnine (1982) suggests positing a series of nasalized vowels. There are 3 level tones, but strong dependence between initial consonants and tone in verbal forms. Intervocalic voicing of obstruents is strongly influenced by initial voicing.
Sources: Sachnine, M. 1982. Le Lame: Un parler zime du Nord-Cameroun (langue tchadique): Phonologie - Grammaire. Societe d'Etudes Linguistiques et Anthropologiques de France: Langues et Cultures Africaines, 1. With l'Agence de Cooperation Culturelle et Technique.