Select languages to compare:

Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
  b ⁿb           *d *ⁿd               ɡ ⁿɡ    
 
 
 
 
ʔ
 
Nasal
  m           *n               ŋ    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
              *r            
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
                                               
Fricative
ɸ       θ       ʃ                           h  
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
                          j   w                
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
      *l                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Implosives
                                 
Ejective stops
                               
Sibilant fricatives
            *s *sʼ                      
Affricates
                                 
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Berta
UPSID number: 4218
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: Nilo-Saharan, Berta
The languages has 29 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: Triulzi et al. report all vowels appear long and geminate consonants also occur. Tone and stress may both be contrastive.
Sources: Triulzi, A., Dafallah, A.A., and Bender, M.L. 1976. Berta. In M.L. Bender (ed.), The Non-Semitic Languages of Ethiopia. African Studies Center, Michigan State University, East Lansing: 513-32.