Select languages to compare:

Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
p b         t d             k k͡p ɡ ɡ͡b    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nasal
  m           n                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
                           
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
              ɾ                                
Fricative
    f v     s z                             h  
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
                          j   w                
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
      l                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Implosives
  ɓ                                
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Gwari
UPSID number: 4140
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: Niger-Kordofanian, Kwa
The languages has 26 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: Gwari has 3 level tones. Hyman and Magaji note that "one distinctive characteristic of all Gwari dialects is the presence of consonant + nasal clusters". An alternative would be to posit 3 nasalized vowels, but H & M's analysis is accepted here, since C + N + /a/ is realized as consonant + nasal release + oral vowel [a]. High vowels /i,u/ after C + N are phonetically nasalized, and C + N + /i/ only has a phonetic nasal consonant segment if C is bilabial or velar. A loose end is a grammatical particle (orthographic 'in') which is a nasalized vowel only. /t,d,s,z/ are palato-alveolar affricates and fricatives before front vowels or /j/. /n/ is palatal before /j/ and velar before /w/.
Sources: Hyman, L. and Magaji, D. 1970. Essentials of Gwari Grammar. Institute of African Studies, University of Ibadan, Occasional Publication No. 27.