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Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
p b         t d         c ɟ k k͡p ɡ ɡ͡b    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nasal
  m           n               ŋ    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
              r            
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
                                               
Fricative
    f v     s z                             h  
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
                          j   w                
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
      l                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Birom
UPSID number: 4120
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: Niger-Kordofanian, Plateau
The languages has 29 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: Birom has 3 level tones. Palatal stops are "lightly affricated" (Bouquiaux). A large number of Cw and Cj sequences are created by noun class infixes -w- and -j-. These are not interpreted as labialized or palatalized consonants.
Sources: Boquiaux, L. 1970. La Langue Birom (Nigeria septentrional) Phonologie, Morphologie, Syntaxe. Bibliotheque de la Faculte de Philosophie et Lettres de l'Universite de Liege, Liege. Wolff, H. 1959. Subsystem typologies and area linguistics. Anthropological Linguistics 1/7: 1-88.