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Labial
Coronal
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Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
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Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
p b         t d             k k͡pʷ ɡ ɡ͡bʷ    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nasal
  m           n               ŋ    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
                           
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
              ɾ                                
Fricative
    f v     s z                                
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
                          j   w                
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
      l                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Front
Near-front
Central
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Close
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Close-mid
Mid
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Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Kolokuma ijo
UPSID number: 4150
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: Niger-Kardofanian, Kwa
The languages has 37 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: Kolokuma Ijo is spoken on the Nun branch of the Niger delta system in Rivers State, Nigeria. There are two level tones. Vowel harmony separates 'close' vowels /i, e, u, o/ from their more open counterparts; /a/ is neutral. Nasalized vowels preceding stops are pronounced with a consonantal nasal offset homorganic with the stop.
Sources: Williamson, K. 1965. A Grammar of the Kolokuma Dialect of Ijo. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.