Select languages to compare:

Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
b         d             ɡ    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nasal
  m           n                  
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
                           
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
                                             
Fricative
ɸ           s   ʃ           x                  
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
                          j   w                
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Affricates
                               
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Alamblak
UPSID number: 8634
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: Papuan, Sepik-Ramu
The languages has 25 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: Alamblak is spoken along the Wagupmeri and Karawari rivers, E. Sepik province, Papua New Guinea. Palato-alveolar consonants often arise from blending of an alveolar + preceding or following /j/. Nonsibilant fricatives are voiced between voiced segments, except when a nasal precedes. An analysis of the vowel system as containing only 3 central vowels, with front and back variants conditioned by adjacent approximants /j/, /w/ is discussed by Bruce (1984). However there are several problems with this analysis, e.g. [i] from abstract high central vowel + /j/ would be expected to palatalize a following /t/ but doesn't.
Sources: Bruce, Les. 1984. The Alamblak Language of Papua New Guinea (East Sepik). Pacific Linguistics, series C no. 81. Australian National University, Canberra.