Select languages to compare:

Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
p           *t *tʲ               k      
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nasal
  m           *n           ɲ   ŋ    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
                           
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
                                             
Fricative
  β f     ð   *z ʃ ʒ         x ɣ                
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
                          j                    
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
      *l           ʎ        
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Sibilant fricatives
            *s *sʲ                      
Affricates
                                 
Sibilant affricates
            *ts                      
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Mari
UPSID number: 2151
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: Ural-Altaic, Finno-Ugric, Finnic
The languages has 33 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments:
Sources: Ristinen, E.K. 1960. An East Cheremis Phonology (Indiana University Publications, Uralic and Altaic Series 1). Indiana University, Bloomington.