Select languages to compare:

Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
p ⁿp ⁿpʰ       t̪ʰ ⁿt̪ ⁿt̪ʰ                   k ⁿk ⁿkʰ   q ⁿq ⁿqʰ  
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nasal
m     n̪̥     n̠̥           ŋ    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
                           
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
                                               
Fricative
    f v         ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ                     h  
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
                              w                
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
    l                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Sibilant fricatives
                                 
Affricates
                tʃʰ ⁿtʃ ⁿtʃʰ   ʈʂ ʈʂʰ ⁿʈʂ ⁿʈʂʰ              
Sibilant affricates
        t̪s̪ t̪s̪ʰ ⁿt̪s̪ ⁿt̪s̪ʰ                          
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Hmong
UPSID number: 2519
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Hmong-Mien
The languages has 56 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: Dananshan dialect, Xianjin Xiang, Guizhou. Miao dialects are spoken in quite widely scattered areas of Hunan, Hubei, Guizhou, Guangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan in China and in northern parts of Thailand, Laos and Vietnam. The dialect represented here is described in the Miao Language Team article (1962) and by Wang (1983, 1985). It is described with 8 tones, transcribed on the Chinese 5-point scale as 55, 44, 33, 43, 31, 24, 21, 13. Aspirated stops, voiceless nasals and voiceless fricatives only occur with the first 4 tones in this list. Unaspirated stops, voiced nasals and voiced fricatives occur with all eight tones but become breathy voiced ("voiced aspirates") with the last two tones (low-fall and low rise). An alternative analysis might add breathy voiced segments to the consonant inventory and reduce the number of tones but the consonants undergo an alternation when tone sandhi results in the 13 tone replacing another tone. Hence breathy voicing is treated as an attribute of these tones. /l/ clusters with labial stops and with /t/ and /th/ initially. Native words seem to have mostly simple vocalism but more complex vowel nuclei have been borrowed from Chinese. Only dental and velar nasals occur as syllable final consonants.
Sources: Wang, Fushi. 1985. Miaoyu jianzhi. Brief guide to Miao language. Minzu Chubanshe, Beijing. Wang, Fushi. 1983. Miaoyu fangyan huafen wenti (On the division of Miao dialects). Minzu Yuwen, 1983.5: 1-22. Purnell, H.C. (editor) 1972. Miao and Yao Linguistic Studies, Selected articles in Chinese, translated by Chang Yu-hung and Chu Kwo-ray. Linguistics Series VII. Department of Asian Studies, Cornell University, Ithaca.