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Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
b         *tʰ *d             ɡ    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nasal
  m           *n                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
                           
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
                                               
Fricative
    f         *z ʃ ʃː ʒ           χ χː   ħ       h  
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
    *ɬː                      
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
                          j   w                
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
      *l                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Ejective stops
          *tʼ                    
Ejective affricates
            *tsʼ *tsːʼ *tɬːʼ   tʃʼ tʃːʼ           kxːʼ   qχːʼ  
Sibilant fricatives
            *s *sː                      
Affricates
                tʃʰ tʃː           kxː   qχː  
Lateral affricates
        *tɬː                          
Sibilant affricates
            *tsʰ *tsː                      
R-sounds
              *R                    
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Avar
UPSID number: 2606
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: Caucasian
The languages has 49 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: Khunza dialect. Avar is spoken in mountainous areas of the southern Dagestan ASSR in the USSR, and by exile communities alongside the Sea of Marmora, Turkey. Long affricates lengthen the fricative portion rather than the closure portion.
Sources: Charachidze, G. 1981. Grammaire de la langue Avar (langue du Caucase Nord-Est). Document de Linguistique Quantitative, no. 38. Saint-Sulpice Favieres: editions Jean-Favard. Zhirkov, L.I. 1936. Avarsko-Russkij Slovar' (s kratkim grammaticheskim ocherkom Avarskogo jazyka), Moscow.