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Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
p       t̪ʰ                   k      
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nasal
  m                         ŋ    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
                           
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
                                               
Fricative
    f v                     x                  
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
                          j                    
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
                         
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Sibilant fricatives
          *s                      
Sibilant affricates
            *ts *tsʰ                      
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Bai
UPSID number: 2506
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Sinitic
The languages has 29 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: Bai is spoken primarily in the Dali Bai autonomous county in western Yunnan, China. Dell (1981) notes 8 tones: high, mid and low level, high falling and low falling, mid rising and low fall-rise -- the 8th tone is very high with a final glottal stop which shortens the vowel. Since no initial glottal stops occur this feature is analyzed as part of an extra high tone. There are no final consonants. /j,w/ can appear after some consonants, as well as initially. /w/ has a labial-palatal variant before /i/. The labio-dental fricative vowel does not occur after bilabials.
Sources: Dell, F. 1981. La Langue Bai: Phonologie et Lexique. Etudes Linguistiques No. 2, Editions de l'Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris.