Select languages to compare:

Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
p b     t̪ʰ d̪̤         ʈ ʈʰ ɖ ɖ̤     k ɡ ɡʱ q  
 
 
 
 
ʔ
 
Nasal
  m       n̪̤                        
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
              *r            
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
                      ɽ̃                        
Fricative
    f         *z ʃ ʒ             χ ʁ           ɦ
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
  β̞                       j                    
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
      *l *l̤                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Sibilant fricatives
            *s                      
Affricates
                tʃʰ tʃ̤                
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Hindi-urdu
UPSID number: 2016
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: Indo-European, Indic
The languages has 61 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: All (or almost all) consonants appear geminate. Long nasalized vowels occur only with a following nasal segment when a voiced obstruent follows.
Sources: Kelkar, A.R. 1968. Studies in Hindi-Urdu I: Introduction and Word Phonology. Postgraduate and Research Institute, Deccan College, Poona. Ohala, M. 1983. Aspects of Hindi Phonology. Motilal Banarsidass, Delhi, Varanasi, Patna. Pinnow, H-J. 1953. Zeitschrift fur Phonetik und Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft 7: 43-53. Srivastava, N. 1969. Review of Kelkar, A.R. Studies in Hindi-Urdu I. Language 45: 913-927. Vermeer, H.J. and Sharma, A. 1966. Hindi-Lautlehre. Groos, Heidelberg.